• Day Trade Futures: The Risk Averse Need not Apply

    Traders are often lured to into the futures markets with a fascination for day trading. The thought of trading leveraged contracts without overnight risk is appealing to many, but underestimated by most. As a retail broker I have had the pleasure, and the pain, of watching day traders attempt to profit through strategies ranging from scalping to "position" intraday trading which spans several hours. Read More
  • Think Outside of the Box: Increase the Odds of Success with Option Selling

    The characteristics of unlimited profit potential and limited risk lure traders to long options but we argue that limited risk doesn't necessarily mean less risk. In fact, it is quite possible that option buying is far riskier than option selling simply due to the probability of success that each strategy faces. Read More
  • It All Makes Cents: Calculating Profit and Loss in Commodity Futures and Options

    One of the most frustrating aspects of trading commodities is getting comfortable with how each contract is quoted, what the point value or multiplier of each contract is and most importantly how to calculate the profit, loss and risk of a trade. Read More
  • Futures Order Types, and Placing Commodity Trades

    Sometimes it is the small details that make the big difference in performance. Familiarity with order types and how to properly place each of them is critical to being a successful trader. Market prices and dynamics are ever-changing, making every second count. Regardless of whether you are trading online or through a broker, knowing the type of order you need to place and placing it accurately is vital. Read More
  • Calculate Currency Futures P&L with Dollars and Sense

    Thanks to the CME; financial institutions, investment managers, corporations and private entrepreneurs have a regulated and centralized forum in which they can manage their risk exposure to changes in currency valuations. Naturally, where there are hedging opportunities there is also room for mass speculation and that is exactly what occurs every Sunday afternoon through Friday at the CME. Read More
  • Stock Index Futures Trading: Before Putting your Money on the LIne, you Should Know the Basics.

    If you are like most people, you work hard for your money and the last thing you want to do is see it evaporate in your e-mini futures trading account. Read More
  • Getting Started in Interest Rate Futures Trading: Calculating P&L

    There are several widely traded contracts in the realm of interest rate futures trading. Each of these futures contracts carry slightly differing market characteristics, and in some cases contract sizes, point values, Read More
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  • Carley is a Commodity Broker at DeCarley Trading

    DeCarley Trading strives to offer the highest quality commodity brokerage services at competitive rates.

    Whether you prefer trading self-directed online, or with an experienced futures broker, we are confident DeCarley is capable of exceeding your expectations..

    Read More
  • Trade on an Elite Futures and Options Trading Platform.

    Trade from anywhere! DeCarley Trading offers a suite of over 20 commodity trading platforms..

    Enter futures and options orders, view live quotes, charts and option chains, and monitor account details on a downloaded desktop trading platform, or mobile device.

    Read More
  • Open a Commodity Trading Account Today in Minutes!

    Our online account application makes getting started in commodity trading quick and easy.

    When you feel like you are ready to start trading futures and options, apply for a commodity account with DeCarley Trading with these simple steps.

    Read More
  • Read Carley's Commodity Market Insights each Month in S&C Mag!

    Carley Garner writes a monthly Stocks & Commodities Magazine Column, "Futures for You"

    Carley Garner, commodity broker at DeCarley Trading, answers burning questions on commodity market mechanics, futures trading fundamentals, option trading strategies, etc.

    Read More
  • See Carley's Commodity Market Technical Analysis on CNBC!

    Booyah! Jim Cramer often features DeCarley Trading commentary on Mad Money in the "Off the Charts" segment

    Cramer frequently looks to Carley Garner, a commodity broker at DeCarley Trading, for help in crude oil, gold, natural gas, currencies, Treasuries and the stock market indices.

    Read More
  • Sell Commodity Options without Restrictions!

    Sell options on futures with SPAN minimum margin the way you want to, not the way your broker wants you to.

    We specialize in brokering for short option accounts. Years of experience and networking have enabled us to provide a friendly environment for short option trading.

    Read More
  • Trade Commodities with an Experienced Commodity Broker.

    Trade Futures and Options Self-Directed or Full-Service with Carley Garner and DeCarley Trading

    We enjoy working with clients of all types, sizes, and skill levels. The brokerage firm you trade with DOES make a difference, let us prove it to you!

    Read More
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Commodity Options: Trading and Hedging Volatility

Commodity Options: Trading and Hedging Volatility

Learn to trade commodity options via short option strategies, option spreads, and even outright call and put buying. Read More
A Trader's First Book on Commodities

A Trader's First Book on Commodities

This best selling book on futures trading takes readers on a crash course through the commodity markets. Read More
Currency Trading in the FOREX and Futures Markets

Currency Trading in the FOREX and Futures Markets

Carley Garner points out the advantages, and disadvantages of currency speculation in FX, currency futures, and ETFs). Read More
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What people are saying about Our Futures and Options Trading Books

Carley works tirelessly to create quality commodity trading education, including her three books published by FT Press.
  • A Trader's First Book on Commodities

    “As a 35-year veteran of the CME/CBOT trading floor, I can tell you…those who think they can begin trading commodities without knowing the less talked about topics that Carley discusses in A Trader's First Book on Commodities are sadly mistaken. Anyone who trades their own account, or would like to, should read this book!" Danny RileyPresident, MrTopstep.com
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Commodity Options, Bond Futures, Stock Index Futures, e-mini Trading

Getting Started in Interest Rate Futures

Interest Rate FuturesCalculating Profit and Loss in Interest Rate Futures

As you have likely discovered, the term commodity can be used to describe a wide array of assets. The formal definition of a commodity is a physical substance or asset that is “interchangeable” in trade. From a more general standpoint, a commodity is any product that trades on a futures exchange. Along with grains such as corn and wheat, commodities also come in the form of financial assets such as interest rate products and currencies. Just as you wouldn’t prefer one bar of gold over another, you likely wouldn’t have a preference between one T-bill over another. The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) division of the CME Group futures exchange has recognized this; therefore the CBOT exchange offers standardized contracts to represent each of the government issued fixed income securities known as Treasuries. Similarly, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange division of the CME Group, offers futures trading in a short term interest rate product known as a Eurodollar.

There are several widely traded contracts in the realm of interest rate futures trading. Each of these futures contracts carry slightly differing market characteristics, and in some cases contract sizes, point values, etc. For those unfamiliar with the futures markets, these discrepancies can be overwhelming. However, I hope to deliver the pertinent information clearly in order to make your journey into financial futures trading as pleasant as possible.

Before we cover the basic specifications of each contract, it is important to be aware of a few facts regarding Treasury bond valuation. First, longer maturities will react quicker and more violently to changes in interest rates than shorter maturities. Additionally, the value of a bond (the price in which it is trading) is inversely correlated with interest rates or yields. Accordingly, if interest rates go up bond price will drop and vice versa. Keep these points in mind as you review the details of each contract; it will help you to determine which avenue best suits your risk tolerance and personality.

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